Sunday, April 24, 2016

This week’s topic, the intersection of medicine and art, was a topic I was quite unfamiliar with until watching the corresponding lectures. Immediately after being introduced to the topic, I thought of plastic surgery, and how it is a form of aesthetic correction that could be considered art. Even though plastic surgery is a very technical procedure, there is a certain level of artistic intention surgeons have. The advent of technology has furthered the capability of “artistic expression” these surgeons have, enabling them to perform more complex, precise maneuvers. It is less structured and formulaic than other forms of surgery, as much of the aesthetics of the procedure is up to the surgeon.  
                                        Aesthetics of Plastic Surgery
The intersection of medicine and art plays a prominent role in the medical schools all across the nation. Specifically, Stanford Medical School has a program where they combine the arts and humanities within their biomedical program to foster more complete doctors and scholars. It is interesting because the study of medicine is a pursuit to further understand human nature, and the study of art can be viewed as the same. What the program at Stanford actually shows is that the arts and humanities are not that different than medicine. With the evolution of technology, the distinction is shrinking. Technologies such as medical illustration are directly combining art and medicine. Accurate depictions of organs and capillary networks are created in order for students and professionals to gain a greater understanding of the human body.
        
                                               Example of Medical Illustration
Additionally, a few articles on Forbes have been published that report that studying art and humanities can actually aid medical students through school, and form complete and competent students. This also shows, that with ever-evolving technology, the world of medicine and art are very intertwined. Eventually, art and medicine will be so intertwined that they will be one in the same.  
             
                                The Intersection of Art and Medicine 




Pictures:
1. http://www.socialsongbird.com/2014/12/selfies-leading-to-increase-in-plastic.html
2. http://ami.org/medical-illustration/view-art-and-animations/2014-salon-winners
3. http://christinereadart.com/intersection-art-and-medicine-no-1-february-2014/

Works Cited:
1    1. Choi, Jeongho. "Cosmetic Surgery: Is It Science or Art?" Archives of Plastic Surgery. The Korean Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeons, n.d. Web. 24 Apr. 2016.

2.  Glatter, Robert. "Can Studying Art Help Medical Students Become Better Doctors?" Forbes. Forbes Magazine, n.d. Web. 24 Apr. 2016.

3. "Medicine & the Muse Program." Medicine and the Muse. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Apr. 2016.

4. "Careers: Medical Illustration." AMI. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Apr. 2016.

5. Bailey, Melissa. "Medical Schools Incorporate Arts into Doctors' Training."STAT. N.p., 03 Nov. 2015. Web. 24 Apr. 2016.





Sunday, April 17, 2016

After watching this week’s lecture regarding the intersection of Art and Robotics, I immediately remembered the classic movie “The Terminator”.  

The Terminator’s take on the very classic “Robot vs Human” theme summarizes societies reaction to continuing industrialization and clearly shows that humanity fears evolving robotic technologies. From the title, the viewer can infer that “The Terminator”, some form of AI, will quite literally, terminate whatever is in his way. The terminator is feared, giving rise to the conclusion that rapidly advancing technologies will spiral out of control and end up doing more harm than good. As seen in the video, the negative effects of rapidly advancing robot technology include murder and severe property damage. 



https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oaYN0IrbMys
A
s film technologies have progressed, the perception of Artificial Intelligence in movies has changed, as these technological advancements have allowed designers to integrate even more design elements into these characters. Specifically referring to the Terminator, the movie has been adapted and readapted many times, with each iteration showcasing greater design capabilities. Technology is driving the artistic medium. 


 As seen above, the level of detailing is much higher in the 2015 version of the movie due to advancing film technologies. The latter image looks more human-like, with very little robotic elements. Not only is the image clearer, Arnold Schwarzenegger on the right is actually created by computer graphics, whereas in the 1984 edition of the movie, Schwarzenegger had to be physically present. This distinction clearly shows the power of technology, and how its evolution has changed the artistic medium so much so, that physical people are not even necessary. This distinction has changed people’s perception of artificial intelligence. With movies like this, it seems as if artificial intelligence has the potential to blur the lines between machine and man, which can be pretty frightening. 



On a side note, Stephen Hawking, notable physicist and author, notes that “The development of full artificial intelligence could spell the end of the human race”. Hawking’s fear of rapid technological advancement comes from the idea that, eventually, humans, who are confined by certain biological mechanisms, will be unable to control the evolution of artificial intelligence, which face no biological restrictions. So, fingers crossed. 



The short term future of robotics looks bright, as robotics is being used as a medium for artistic expression, as well as making our subsequent lives much more efficient. Companies like Arduino are using the efficiencies of robotics to make expedited artistic projects and gifts. Individuals are much more equipped to create artistic pieces efficiently, while also preserving the artistic integrity, as seen through the terminator designs Overall, robotics has enhanced the artistic medium, allowing creative to push the boundaries  of artistic expression.





 Pictures/videos: 

1. https://www.pinterest.com/pin/523613894151621652/ 
2. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oaYN0IrbMys 
3. http://weblog.fok.nl/weblog/709786/1/1/50/waarom-cgi-zuigt.html 

Sources: 

1."Stephen Hawking Warns Artificial Intelligence Could End Mankind - BBC News." BBC News. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Apr. 2016. 

2.Martin, Sean. "END OF HUMANITY? Artificial Intelligence Could Destroy Us ‘WITHIN DECADES’ Warns Expert." Daily Express Science RSS. N.p., 15 Apr. 2016. Web. 17 Apr. 2016. 


3.Khairy, Wail. "Film Analysis: “The Terminator” and “T2: Judgment Day”."Cinephile.wordpress.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Apr. 2016. 


4."What Is Arduino & What Can You Do With It? [Technology Explained]."MakeUseOf. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Apr. 2016. 


5.Vesna, Victoria. "Robotics+Art." Video blog post.Https://cole2.uconline.edu. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Apr. 2016.

Sunday, April 10, 2016

Throughout my life, there has been a clear distinction between mathematics and the arts. Only recently did I understand the interplay between the two seemingly different fields of study. During this week’s lecture, and after reading the assigned articles, I gained valuable insight into the interplay between mathematics and arts. For example, mathematics has influenced art in three distinct ways. First, as it stands, the future of art is becoming more and more dependent on mathematical functions. Computer programs are beginning to form the basis of art, as seen in things like video games and photo-shopped digital art (Image 1).
















Next, mathematics plays a large role in nature. Interestingly, it seems as if mathematical equations model some of nature's most amazing displays of “art”. The golden ratio represents the ratio between corresponding sides of the object and its overall length, and objects that model this ratio tend to be very symmetrical and aesthetically pleasing (Image 2).
 











Another example that displays the correlation between mathematics and the arts lies even in old renaissance art. Even though art is largely subjective, there are certain principles that must be followed by artists in order to create an aesthetically pleasing image, and these principles have mathematical backgrounds.

As pictured, the Mona Lisa by Leonardo Da Vinci (Image 3) follows a certain set of ratios that lead to its aesthetics. Da Vinci, a master of proportions and ratios, utilized the golden ratio in order to create a perfectly proportioned image, which could attribute to its extreme popularity.

One relevant example that displays the interaction between mathematics and the arts is an exhibit referred to the in the course resources, titled, "Taking Flight, Snap! Space" (Image 4). Although aesthetic, the piece is created through a series of mathematical equations that correlate to certain images when run through certain computer programs. The use of basic geometric principles is used to create an excellent art piece.













The juxtaposition of art and mathematics is highly dependent, meaning that one can not function without the other. The underpinnings of aesthetics are derived from mathematical formulas that represent proportions and ratios. It is this interplay that allows us to experience and observe the world in a quantifiable, yet beautiful way.

Pictures:
1. http://beforeitsnews.com/alternative/2014/07/exoplanet-imager-begins-hunt-for-alien-worlds-3000128.html
2. https://www.pinterest.com/EarthBizNet/phi-the-golden-ratio/
3. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Mona_Lisa_Golden_Ratio.jpg
4. http://nathanselikoff.com/works/process-prints

Sources:
1.  "Beauty of Numbers." Generator X. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Apr. 2016.
2.   Parveen, Nikhat. "Mathematics and Arts." Www.jwilson.edu. Geogia University, n.d. Web. 10 Apr. 2016.
3. "Process Prints - Print - Nathan Selikoff." Nathan Selikoff. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Apr. 2016.
4. Vesna, Victoria. "Mathematics: Zero Perspective Golden Mean." Video blog post.Https://cole2.uconline.edu. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Apr. 2016.
5. "The Poetry of Motion." Art+Com. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Apr. 2016.

Sunday, April 3, 2016

AnuragMDESMA9


"The Third Culture", as defined by C.P. Smith, serves to "close the gap between literary intellectuals and scientists". As a marriage between the sciences and humanities, this new perspective represents a group of individuals who are redefining societal standards and, as stated by John Brockman, are “rendering visible the deeper meanings of our lives, and redefining who and what we are”.




The distinction between the sciences and humanities is evident in college environments globally, but particularly at UCLA. As an Economics major, in many conversations, I have stated that “I’m a North Campus Major”. STEM majors are characterized as “South Campus Majors” The distinction between the two are so great that portions of UCLA’s campus are designated to each respective group. It is so segregated that the respective experience of individuals in either major category have completely different undergraduate experiences, even though we all attend the same university. According to Forbes.com, Computer Science Majors have significantly higher amounts of work but are expected to perform worse than their North Campus counterparts. Particularly in my experience, the separatism is so great that I have been dissuaded from taking South Campus classes, as a North Campus Major.







After watching Ken Robinson’s Video, I was inspired to pursue a more wholesome varied collegiate experience, catering to both my analytical way of thinking and my growing interest in divergent thinking. This involves taking classes in both the “North Campus” and “South Campus”. I plan to take a more “third culture” approach to my schooling and blend the North Campus and South Campus experience.


Sources

Brockman, John. “Introduction: The Third Culture.” Edge. John Brockman. 1 Jan 1996. Web. 4 Apr
 2015.

"Computer Software Degrees." Forbes. Forbes Magazine, n.d. Web. 03 Apr. 2016 

Ken Robinson. "RSA ANIMATE: Changing Education Paradigms." YouTube. YouTube, 14 Oct. 2010. Web. 03 Apr. 2016.

Snow, C.P. The Two Cultures and the Scientific Revolution. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1961. Print.

 Toward a Third Culture: Being in between Victoria Vesna Leonardo, Vol. 34, No. 2. (2001), pp. 121-125


Images

1    1. http://www.bgu.ac.il/museum/one_face.html
2. http://www.quickmeme.com/meme/35z0so
3. http://envoc.com/think/trust-your-designer